Cosmetic Surgery NYC | Glossary for NY Otolaryngology Group

NYOG Facial Plastics center patient

Facial Plastics Center

Blepharoplasty – Surgery of the eyelids in which fat and excess skin, bags, pouches, wrinkles in the eye area are removed.

Botulinum Toxin Botox – Injected to relax facial muscles temporarily to eliminate wrinkles for three to six months.

Cheek / Chin Augmentation – Surgery where implants are placed in the cheeks or chin to improve bone structure, balance a profile, or support sagging, soft tissues.

Chin Augmentation – See Cheek / Chin Augmentation

Chemical Peels – Resurfacing of the skin with an acid solution that peels the top layers and allows smoother, regenerated skin to emerge; an effective treatment for wrinkles caused by sun damage, mild scarring, and certain types of acne.

Collagen Implant – An injection of natural protein, which raises skin tissue to smooth the skin and make wrinkles and scars appear less visible.

Dermabrasion – A facial sanding technique used to treat deep scars and wrinkles, raised scar tissue, and some severe cases of cystic acne; top layers of skin are "sanded" off with a high-speed rotating brush or a diamond-coated wheel.

Facial Reconstruction – Surgery to repair or reconstruct facial features in victims of cancer, facial trauma, and birth defects.

Filler Injections

What are Facial Fillers/Injections?

Most commonly collagen – a gel-like substance derived from purified animal tissue, and fat – which is harvested from the patient’s thigh or abdomen and then injected to plump up facial areas or “fill” wrinkled areas (see also Botox). Facial fillers can also include calcium hydroxylapatite and hyaluronic acid. Ranging from a temporary to a long-lasting solution, facial fillers are administered through facial injections on specific areas of the face. There are various types of fillers available as each one is designed with one or several purposes, but a qualified professional can help you determine which facial injections are right for you. Depending on the individual and the number of areas being treated, filler injections can take about 10 to 20 minutes per session. Luckily, facial fillers don’t require a large amount of downtime. Typically, directly following treatment patients can return to work and their normal activities, but this will vary depending on the individual and the type of injectable filler used. In some cases, for the first 24 hours after treatment, certain individuals will be instructed to refrain from excessive heat or sun exposure, and strenuous activities.

Why Use Facial Fillers?

It’s natural that as we age, our skin becomes more susceptible to sagging and wrinkles as the years of muscle movement (from smiling, chewing, speaking, squinting, etc.) and sun exposure contributes to the breakdown of skin tissue. However, skin can be rejuvenated through the use of filler injections. Facial injections can replace soft-tissue volume loss, raise scar depressions, enhance the lips (lip augmentation), and can help reduce or eliminate wrinkles. Injections can help create a younger look in the face by volumizing the folds and creases that have formed due to the loss of fat and collagen.

Common Side Effects of Filler Injections

Some of the common side effects of facial fillers/injections include:

• Swelling • Tenderness/pain • Numbness • Redness • Itching • Discoloration • Bruising at the injection site • Allergic reaction

Browlift/Forehead Lift – Surgery to minimize forehead lines and wrinkles, and to elevate brows to reduce lid drooping.

Forehead Lift – See Browlift/Forehead Lift

Liposuction – Surgery to reduce excess fatty deposits.

Mentoplasty – Surgery to balance a profile by enlarging, reducing, or reshaping the chin.

Microdermabrasion – A mini-peeling with minimal risk of dyspigmentation or scarring that is achieved by projecting aluminum micro-crystals onto the skin (also referred as the "Power Peel," "Euro Peel", "Parisian Peel" or "Derma Peel"); safe for all skin types.


What is an Otoplasty?

Also known as cosmetic ear surgery, otoplasty is a procedure to change the size, shape, and position of the ears. Maybe your ears stick out too far from your head, or maybe one or both of your ears are misshapen due to a congenital disability or an injury. With an otoplasty, deformed or protruding ears are able to be “pinned back” by reshaping the cartilage. While an otoplasty is often performed on both ears to ensure symmetry, having this procedure done will not alter your ability to hear, and it will not change the location of your ears. Usually, after the age of 5, the ears have reached their full size, so an otoplasty, if necessary, can be done at any age after this. However, in some instances, an otoplasty surgery can be done as early as the age of 3. If a child is under the age of 3 and was born with prominent ears or some other ear-shape issues, these issues might be able to be corrected with the use of a splint. Especially if they are started immediately after the child is born.

Why is an Otoplasty Done?

An otoplasty might be considered if the person has any of the following:

• Dissatisfaction with a previously done ear surgery • One or both ears stick out far from your head • In proportion to your head, your ears are too large

What are the Risks?

Just like any type of surgery, there is a risk of infection, excess bleeding, and an adverse reaction to anesthesia can occur.

• Unnatural contours of the ear can occur, making the ear(s) appear to be pinned back onto the head. • Scarring can happen, but the scars are likely to be hidden within the creases of the ears and behind the ears. • While rarely permanent, you can experience changes in skin sensations on your ears. • Even after surgery, you may still experience asymmetry in ear placement.

Rhinoplasty – Aesthetic surgery of the nose in which cartilage and bone are reshaped and reconstructed; excess bone or cartilage may be removed.

Rhytidectomy – Facelift surgery in which excess skin is removed and muscles are tightened.

Scar Revision Surgery – Procedures to help minimize visible facial scars.

Septorhinoplasty – A form of rhinoplasty that is performed to reconstruct the nasal passage or to relieve obstructions inside the nose to correct breathing problems; the obstruction is removed through internal incisions and the interior of the nose is restructured.

Skin Resurfacing – Removal of the outer layer of the skin using abrasion, chemicals, or a laser, resulting in smoother and less wrinkled skin.