Glossary

hearing disorders

Hearing & Balance Center

Auditory nerve – bundle of nerve fibers that carry electrical impulses between the inner ear and the brain

Auditory Canal – also called the ear canal, it conducts sound toward the eardrum

Cochlea – part of the inner ear, contains fluid and hair-like nerve cells that convert mechanical energy from the middle ear into electrical impulses

Conductive Hearing Loss – any hearing loss caused by damage or disease in the outer or middle ears

Eustachian Tube – a tube that extends from the middle ear to the roof of the throat; it keeps the air pressure in the middle ear consistent with the air pressure in the immediate environment

Incus – the anvil shaped bone; middle bone of the ossicular chain (the three tiny bones that connect the eardrum and the inner ear)

Inner Ear – part of the ear that contains the cochlea, an organ of hearing, and the labyrinth, an organ of balance

Mastoid – the section of the skull located behind the outer ear that houses the middle and inner ears

Malleus – the hammer shaped bone; outermost of the ossicles, the three tiny bones that connect the eardrum and inner ear

Middle Ear – the air-containing cavity of the ear; lying between the eardrum and the inner ear, it includes the eardrum and the ossicles, which are the three tiny bones called malleus, incus and stapes

Ossicles – a linkage of three tiny bones - the malleus, incus and stapes, also known as the hammer, anvil and stirrup; they provide the mechanical coupling between the eardrum and the cochlea

Outer Ear – the part of the ear that captures sound; it is composed of the visible parts of the ear and the canal leading to the eardrum

Semicircular Canals – the body's balance organs, they detect the body's movement and communicate its position to the brain

Sensorineural Hearing Loss – hearing loss caused by damage or disease in the inner ear

Stapes – the stirrup-shaped ossicle that transmits sound from the incus to the cochlea; the innermost of the ossicles

Temporal Bone – the temporal bones form part of the base of the skull; among the hardest of all the bones, it includes the mastoid and protects the hearing and balance systems

Tinnitus – the sensation of a ringing, roaring, or buzzing in the ears or head; it is often associated with many forms of hearing impairment and noise exposure

Tympanic Membrane – also called the eardrum, it separates the ear canal from the middle ear, vibrating when sound waves hit it

Vertigo – a false sensation of motion or spinning that leads to dizziness and discomfort

During this time, our office remains open with limited scheduling for urgent ENT care only.
Other patients should not be seen, according to guidelines.
Patients with flu like symptoms or fever or known exposure to COVID-19
should go to urgent care or speak to their primary care physician.

Be well and don’t hesitate to reach out to us as needed.
The Staff and Doctors of The New York Otolaryngology Group